Home » Landforms of El Salvador: Bays of El Salvador, Islands of El Salvador, Lakes of El Salvador, Mountains of El Salvador, Rivers of El Salvador by Books LLC
Landforms of El Salvador: Bays of El Salvador, Islands of El Salvador, Lakes of El Salvador, Mountains of El Salvador, Rivers of El Salvador Books LLC

Landforms of El Salvador: Bays of El Salvador, Islands of El Salvador, Lakes of El Salvador, Mountains of El Salvador, Rivers of El Salvador

Books LLC

Published June 10th 2010
ISBN : 9781157866558
Paperback
112 pages
Enter the sum

 About the Book 

Purchase includes free access to book updates online and a free trial membership in the publishers book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Excerpt: The Gulf of Fonseca (Spanish: ), part of the Pacific Ocean, isMorePurchase includes free access to book updates online and a free trial membership in the publishers book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Excerpt: The Gulf of Fonseca (Spanish: ), part of the Pacific Ocean, is a gulf in Central America, bordering El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua. Fonseca Bay was discovered in 1522 by Gil Gonzalez de Avila, and named by him after his patron, Archbishop Juan Fonseca, the implacable enemy of Columbus. In 1849, E. G. Squier negotiated a treaty for the United States to build a canal across Honduras from the Caribbean Sea to the Gulf. Frederick Chatfield, the British commander in Central America, was afraid that American presence in Honduras would destabilize the British Mosquito Coast, and sent his fleet to occupy El Tigre Island at the entrance to the Gulf. Shortly thereafter, however, Squier demanded the British leave, since he had anticipated the occupation and negotiated the islands temporary cession to the United States. Chatfield could only comply. All three countriesHonduras, El Salvador, and Nicaraguawith coastline along the Gulf have been involved in a lengthy dispute over the rights to the Gulf and the islands located within. In 1992, a chamber of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) decided the Land, Island and Maritime Frontier Dispute, of which the Gulf dispute was a part. The ICJ determined that El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua were to share control of the Gulf of Fonseca. El Salvador was awarded the islands of Meanguera and Meanguerita, and Honduras was awarded El Tigre Island. The Gulf of Fonseca covers an area of approximately 3,200 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi), with a coastline that extends for 261 kilometres (162 mi), of which 185 kilometres (115 mi) are in Honduras, 40 kilometres (25 mi) in Nicaragua, and 29 kilometres (18 mi) in El Salvador. The climate in the Gulf is typical of tropical and subtropical regions, with two d... More: http://booksllc.net/?id=883297